حافظ شیرازیؒ اور علامہ اقبالؒ کے عرفانی تصوّرات کا تقابلی جائزہ
Comparative Review of Mystical Concepts of Hafiz Sheerazi and Allama Iqbal
Khawaja Shamsuddin Hafiz Shirazi was the most famous poet of Persian. He has rich thought and pure emotions in his poetry for a human being. we find high artistic qualities, shown by his artistic qualities, universal truth, and high thoughts in his inner emotions shown by his poetry. Allama Iqbal was very impressed by his artistic elements, but there was a difference between Khawaja's Mystical approach and Iqbal's unique thought which is basically the difference of their eras. In this article, I have tried my best to reveal Khawaja Hafiz's artistic impacts on Iqbal, which he accepted in his poetry Deep love, Heart, depth, Dignity, human, Mystic.
Shams-ud-Din Hafiz Shirazi, Hafiz Sheerazi, Diwan-e Hafiz, trans. Maolana Qazi Sajjad Hussain (Lahore: Progressive Books. Nd), 91.
Hafiz Sheerazi, Diwan-e Hafiz, 72.
Yusuf Hussain Khan, Hafiz aur Iqbal (New Delhi: Ghalib Academy, 1979), 215.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Kulliyāt-e Iqbal Urdu (Lahore: al-Faisal Publishers, 20014), 26, 260.
Hafiz Sheerazi, Diwan-e Hafiz, 287.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Kulliyāt-e Iqbal Urdu, 42/422.
Hafiz Sheerazi, Diwan-e Hafiz, 30.
Dr. Muhammad Riaz, Iqbal aur Farsi Sha’ra (Lahore: Iqbal Academy Pakistan, 1977), 186.
Dr. Syed Muhammad Akram Ikram, Iqbal aik Tehrīk (Lahore: Sho’ba Iqbaliyat Punjab University, 2004), 169.
Prof. Muhammad Maloor, Allama Iqbal ki farsi Ghazl (Karachi: Civil and Military Press, 1977), 57.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Kulliyāt-e Iqbal Urdu, 63/443.
Dr. Syed Abdullah, Masaiel-e Iqbal (Lahore, West Pakistan Urdu Academy, 1974), 45.
Hafiz Sheerazi, Diwan-e Hafiz, 33..